Dacade Review: How Nigeria Strived as a Country in the Last 10 Years

This is 10 years in Nigeria in terms of the country's socio-political landscape and some of the biggest stories in the country.


Nigeria is a country in the Western part of Africa, with the largest population of 195 million people, which account for about 15.98% of the total population of Africa; and the 14th largest country in Africa based on the landmass. Nigeria, despite her achievements in this decade, faced several challenges that range from insurgency, poor economic planning to unattainable government policies.

However, while the country was struggling with the challenges in this decade, she earned the 2013 Africa peace Award, Global leadership Award, and the country is currently ranked the most resourceful country in Africa. This article examines the major breaking news in this decade.

In the first year of this decade, 2010,  Nigerian lost her president Umaru Yar'adua after a brief illness and in accordance with the Constitution of the country, the Vice President (Goodluck Ebere Jonathan) was sworn in as the country's new president.

In the second year of the decade, 2011, another election held and the then Vice-president won the election and continued as the chief administrator of the country.

In January 2012, Nigerians experienced the killing of more than 100 people in a day. A religious group known as Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the attack. The incident took place a few days after they ordered Christians to leave the Northern part of the country. In the same month, former President Goodluck announced the removal of fuel subsidy. The removal of petroleum subsidy led to two weeks of National Strike.

Also, the Nigeria government in May 2013, declared a state of emergency in three states in the North, the states were Yobe, Borno, and Kano.

The terror of Boko Haram and the inability of the government to find a lasting solution received global attention when the terrorist group kidnapped more than 200 boarding school girls in the town of Chibok in 2014.
Also in 2014, Nigeria experienced the outbreak of one of the most scaring disease.
One Patrick Oliver Sawyer brought Ebola to Nigeria which killed over 8 people including him and Dr Stella Ameyo Adadevoh who raised the red flag that prevented the further spread of the deadly disease.

There was a change of government in 2015. President Muhammed Buhari of the All Progressives Congress (APC) was declared the winner of the 2015 presidential election. He defeated the incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan of the Peoples Democratic Party. It was the first time in the history of the country that an opposition defeated an incumbent and there was a smooth transition of power. A feat former President Goodluck Jonathan is still celebrated for internationally till date.

Sadly afterwards, in the year 2016, Naira currency floated in an attempt to stave off the financial crisis caused by low prices. This attracted far-reaching criticism because many perceived it to be a poor economic policy.

Moreso, in August 2018, Boko Haram attacks escalated, targeting military bases in the North. The attack was said to be retaliative in nature over the coalition Nigeria, Cameron, Niger, and Chad formed that successfully pushed the insurgents from their strongholds.

2019 has witnessed more breaking news compared to the former. In 2019, there was an introduction of Hate Speech Bill, the introduction of VAT on online transactions, lots of Drama from the presidential Villa in Aso Rock, illegal detention of Citizens especially journalists, skyrocketing of prices of foodstuffs especially rice and many others.

The biggest of the events is the 2019 general election which saw President Buhari of APC retained his position despite all the criticism against is a person and his government.

At this junction, we can only keep hoping for better days ahead for the country. This is 10 years in Nigeria in terms of the country's socio-political landscape and biggest issues. All was not covered, hence you are free to add yours via the comment box.

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